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Repair Information

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Engine continues to run even after it's switched off.

This may be caused by excessive accumulation of carbon in the combustion cylinders. Combined with extremely high engine temperature, this could make the engine continue to burn the combustible material-that is, the carbon deposits-and run. To remedy this problem, you can clean the cylinder walls and pistons. Take the time to check the coolant level as well; refill if lower than the required coolant level. If these don't work, then it would be best to consult with your trusted mechanic.

Brake System

Tires are still in good shape, but car pulls to one side when braking.

Check your brake pads/shoes. If their friction material is already worn, damaged, or glazed, have your pads/shoes relined or replaced. If they're not in any of those conditions, it's possible that your pair of brake pads/shoes have been fitted with friction materials of different kinds, which could mean a difference in friction capacity.

Check for faulty wheel cylinder piston or brake caliper. If any of these two components is seized, the wheel attached to it would naturally take longer to stop. Take the time to inspect the caliper's mounting bolts as well; tighten loose ones.

Check for loose or faulty components in the steering or suspension system.


Shuddering or shaking in the brake pedal or steering wheel when braking.

Inspect brake disc or drum. Distortion or warping in these components isn't always the main cause of this problem. However, it can still cause varying degrees of juddering in the steering wheel and/or brake pedal depending on the run-out on the disc's or drum's surface.

Check for worn brake pads or shoes. If the friction material on these components is beyond the allowed minimum thickness (refer to your vehicle's service manual for the specification), have them relined or replaced immediately.

Replace worn mounts in the suspension and steering systems.

Wiper System

Wipers don't clean the windshield effectively.

If lines form on the wet glass wiped by the blade, that means the wiper blade is already worn-out and needs replacement. Wiper blades should be replaced once they become too stiff and jagged on the edges; otherwise, they might score the windshield exterior with repeated use.

Check the tension on the wiper arm. If it's not firmly held against the windshield, then the wiper arm's tension spring or pivot may need to be replaced or repaired.

If water tends to bead on the windshield, then the windshield may have already accumulated too much road film. Clean your windshield thoroughly. You can also try making your washer fluid more concentrated to make it more effective in removing dirt and prevent grime buildup on the wiper blades.


Car horn doesn't emit any sound.

Check for a blown fuse.

Check the electrical connections to the horn assembly. Tighten loose connections and replace broken or peeled cables.

Check the electricity supply to the horn assembly. If you get a 12 volts reading, that means the electrical supply is fine and you need to replace the horn itself. The horn assembly is located just behind the vehicle's bumper or front grille.


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