1. When Should Brake Pads Be Replaced?
Most automotive manufacturers recommend replacing your brake pads every 30,000 to 40,000 miles - essentially each time you replace the tires on your car. Tires and brakes work in conjunction to help stop your vehicle, so it makes sense to replace brake pads and your car's "shoes" at the same time. By replacing the brake pads before they wear out completely, you'll avoid having to replace your brake rotor the part brake pads touch to stop the wheel from spinning. Brake rotors should be replaced every two or three tire replacements or every 100,000 to 120,000 miles. There are a few common symptoms motorists can listen and feel for to alert them of brake pads in need of replacement sooner than later.
2. Think about your driving requirements when choosing a brake pad material:
Purchasing replacement brake pads or shoes will require you to make a choice about the material they are made from.
3. What Are the Different Types of Brake Pads?
As we indicated above, the best advice for replacing brake pads is to always follow the manufacturer's
recommendation for replacement parts. In most instances, this means you'll ask for OEM replacement brake pads. Depending on the type of vehicle you have, it's likely your OEM brake pad is made from one of three unique materials. Listed below are the 3 most common types of brake pad materials:
1. Organic Brake Pads
Initially, brake pads were made from asbestos, a hard yet toxic material that has been linked to causing multiple respiratory diseases. When asbestos was banned, many brake pads became manufactured by a composite of multiple materials including carbon, glass, rubber, fibers, and more. Organic brake pads are typically quieter and softer-applying brake pads. The main drawback is they don't last very long. You'll typically find organic OEM brake pads for lighter-weight luxury vehicles.
2. Semi-Metallic Brake Pads
The majority of vehicles on roads today utilize semi-metallic pads. The semi-metallic brake pad is comprised of copper, iron, steel, and other metals combined with graphite lubricants and other materials to help to reduce the build-up of heat. These types of brake pads are often found as OEM solutions for heavy-duty vehicles due to their ability to last longer and to reduce friction - which helps heavier cars, trucks, and SUV's stop more efficiently.
3. Ceramic Brake Pads
The newest brake pad on the market is the ceramic pad. Ceramic brake pads were introduced in the 1980s as a replacement for older asbestos pads. This type of brake pad is made from a hardened ceramic material combined with copper fibers. Due to their unique construction, they tend to last the longest among the big-three and apply quite softly. The drawback is two-fold. First, though they can
Withstand high temperatures; they don't work very well in colder-weather climates, as the material is prone to cracking when introduced to extreme cold conditions. Also, they are the most expensive type of brake pad.