See this Idle Air Control (IAC) Valve OPERATION TESTING REMOVAL & INSTALLATION.
The engine idle speed is controlled by the ECM through the Idle Air Control (IAC) valve mounted on the throttle body. The ECM sends voltage pulses to the IAC motor causing the IAC motor shaft and pintle to move in or out a given distance (number of steps) for each pulse, (called counts).
This movement controls air flow around the throttle plate, which in turn, controls engine idle speed, either cold or hot. IAC valve pintle position counts can be seen using a scan tool. Zero counts corresponds to a fully closed passage, while 140 or more counts (depending on the application) corresponds to full flow.
Disengage the IAC electrical connector.
Using an ohmmeter, measure the resistance between the IAC terminals. Make a note of the results.
Verify that the resistance between one set of IAC terminals is 20-80 ohms, and that the resistance between the other terminals is infinite. If not, the IAC may be faulty.
Also, with a small mirror, inspect IAC air inlet passage and pintle for debris. Clean as necessary, as this can cause IAC malfunction.
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION
See Figure 1
Disconnect the negative battery cable.
Disengage the electrical connection.
Remove the IAC valve. On thread-mounted units, use 1 1 / 4 in. (32mm) wrench and on flange-mounted units, remove the screw assemblies.
Remove the IAC valve gasket or O-ring and discard it.
Clean the old gasket material from the surface of the throttle body assembly on the thread mounted valve. On the flange-mounted valve clean the surface to ensure proper O-ring sealing
Install the valve with a new gasket or O-ring. Tighten the thread mounted assembly 13 ft. lbs. (18 Nm) and tighten the flange mounted attaching screws to 28 inch. lbs. (3 Nm).
Engage the electrical connector to the IAC valve.
Connect the negative battery cable.